Preventive cardiology focuses on helping patients who have heart disease and those who are at risk for heart disease take the important steps that can help them reduce their risks for cardiovascular problems, including heart attacks. Preventive cardiology begins with a thorough evaluation of your overall health and your cardiovascular health, as well as a review of your personal health history and family health history to look for risk factors or subtle symptoms that can help determine your risk for heart-related events. Then it focuses on establishing lifestyle habits and treatment options to help reduce your specific risks.
People with certain risk factors for heart disease are usually ideal candidates for preventive care. These include people with conditions like:
If you have any of these issues, you should be evaluated to determine if preventive cardiology treatments could help you enjoy better cardiovascular health. Likewise, if you're 40 or older and have never had a cardiac evaluation, you should be evaluated to determine if any risk factors are present and decide if preventive cardiology could help you stay healthy.
In addition to having a routine evaluation, preventive care can include blood pressure screenings, blood tests to monitor your cholesterol and triglyceride levels, lifestyle changes to help you lose weight and be more physically active, quitting smoking, and other exams like EKGs and stress testing to evaluate your heart's activity while at rest and during exercise. Each plan of preventive care will be customized for your specific risk factors and can evolve over time as your medical needs, risk factors, and lifestyle change.